Kavadarci is a town located in the Tikves (Macedonian Cyrillic: Тиквеш) region of The Republic of Macedonia. Situated in the heart of Macedonia’s wine country, it is home to the country’s largest manmade lake and the largest winery in south-eastern Europe, both named after the Tikves plain. The town of Kavadarci is a seat of the Kavadarci municipality.
The name Kavadarci is derived from the Greek word, "Kavadion" (Greek: Καβάδιον) which means “cape made from a valuable material”. With the citizens of Kavadarci being manufacturers of this material, the first recorded use of this name was during the first half of the 19th century.
Numerous stories exist regarding the name of Kavadarci, one of the most popular involves the legend of Nikola Chulev and his lost cow from the village of Raštani. One day whilst looking for his cow, Nikola fell from a large rock hurting himself badly. Being unable to walk because of his injuries, he skinned his cow in order to survive. News of this traveled to areas nearby and the place was soon named Kravoder after the cow, over the course of time this name changed into Kavadarci. Names that Kavadarci has also been known by are Kavadarce, Kavardžik and Kavadardzik.
- Number of inhabitants: 38.391
- Area: 992,44 sq. km
- Geographic position: 41.25° N 22.0° E
- Climate: Sub-Mediterranean
- Average temperature:
- Time zone: Central European Time (GMT +1)
- Postal Code: 1430
- Local area code:
If you are ready to enjoy the nicest Macedonian specialities, come here to Kavadarci, you are sure that it will be enriched with some of the best wines you’ve ever tasted and with the infinite hospitality of your hosts.
In the Tikves region near Kavadarci, many artifacts and structures have been discovered dating back to prehistoric times. Bronze and ceramic artifacts were discovered at an archaeological site in the nearby town of Stobi dating back to the 6th and 7th century BC.
This town is said to have been established during the Hellenic period, being situated on the main road of Via Egnatia that led from the Danube to the Aegean Sea meant it became an important military, economic and cultural hub at the time.
The establishment of a mint during the Roman period aided in its prosperity and achieving the status of municipum, denars and coins reading “Municipium Stobensium” were also produced in this area. Numerous buildings and monuments of this era such as a theatre have been discovered at this site.
A Jewish community is said to have existed in Stobi during the 3rd century, however its Synagogue was torn down in the 4th century and a Christian Basilica was built in its place. In the late 5th and early 6th century, the town was devastated in the great Avaro-Slavonic invasions. Stobi which was previously the centre of this region was replaced by the new village of Dukena. Much change took place during the occupation of the Ottoman Empire in the 14th century, the occupying Turks destroyed all existing villages replacing them with oriental architecture. Villagers from Rashtani and Dukena fleeing from the Turks settled in a new area, bringing with them many families that still exist in Kavadarci today. From this settlement a new village emerged, during the 17th century this growing village attracted much attention and spurred a large migration of people from the surrounding hills and villages, thus establishing the new town called Kavadarci.
Records show at the close of the 19th century 1,330 homes existed in Kavadarci: 620 of these were Bulgarian, 709 Turkish and one was Jewish. During this time Kavadarci was under the jurisdiction of Bitola’s area Pashaluk (Ottoman military territorial unit controlled by a Pasha). With the Turkish majority, many beys residences and several mosques were built throughout the town. By this time Kavadarci had also been firmly established as the new centre of the Tikves region.
After the forming of the TMORO committee by Dame Gruev in 1894 and the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising many revolutionary troops operated in the Tikves area, working with the aim of liberating Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire.
After the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire many Muslim inhabitants began emigrating from this area. Most of the Turkish and Muslim population left Kavadarci completely between 1935 and 1936. It is during this period that Kavadarci flourished, becoming a large economic, administrative and political centre in the Tikves area. However this rapid development declined during the period of Bulgarian occupation when the region of Macedonia was divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia.
In June 1913, the Tikves Uprising took place against the Serbian occupational forces. The resistance fighters freed the majority of the Tikves region, including the towns of Kavadarci, Negotino, Vatasa and several small villages. Serbian military forces killed approximately 1,200 people and burnt more than 1,000 homes.
During the Second World War, the town fell under German and Bulgarian occupation for a total of 4 years, suffering great losses with over 300 people being killed until the withdrawal of the Bulgarian forces. In the village of Vataša, a monument was erected to thirteen communist guerrillas who were executed by Bulgarian forces on the 16th June 1943 during the Second World War.
Well, you may walk, you may play soccer with the locals, find some of the tennis courts in the city, you may ride your bike around or row your little boat on the lake, go fishing … you may come sporting here.
Several night clubs in the centre always full like a pomegranate, some happenings in the vineries near by will be quite enough to satisfy your needs.
- By car: 100 km south of Skopje on the highway to Greece
- By plane: www.airports.com.mk (Skopje)
- By bus: www.sas.com.mk (Skopje)
- By train: On the Skopje – Athens railway
St. George at Polosko Monastery
The monastery of St. George is located on the shores of the man-made Lake Tikves, and the only way to get there is by boat. Its fresco paintings are completely preserved and, according to the historical portraits on the west facade, can be dated back to around 1343-45. In the early 17th century the church obtained a narthex and in the 19th century it was restored for the last time. The monastery is well known for its inventory, icons, wood carved chorus of 1492, and iconostasis cross of 1584.
Tikves Strict Natural Reserve
It is located 30km southeast of Kavadarci, encompassing an area of about 10,000 hectares. Some 23 species of predatory birds are present in the reserve, 17 of which nest in this area. Tikves Strict Natural Reserve is one of the most important ornithological sites in Europe.
The long, snaking Lake Tikves is Macedonia’s biggest manmade lake. It is located 12km southwest of the town of Kavadarci on the River Crna, or 3km from the village of Vozarci. The lake, which was built in 1968, is some 30 km long and traces its long and narrow course southwest from Mt. Kozjak, where the River Crna widens to create it. The whole area of Lake Tikves is particularly rich in fauna. The lake is simply bursting with fish; the most remarkable is the sheatfish, a legendary type of catfish that can reach up to 2 meters in length.
Konopiste village near Kavadarci hosts a very interesting geomorphologic structure, a natural phenomenon. The structure is inside a short dry dale on the right bank of the Bosava River, at 740m above the sea level.
According to historical records, the remains of a settlement found at this archeological site date from the early ancient period. An unearthed “stadium’ – milestone found at this site, which dates from the 3rd or the beginning of the 2nd century B.C., might mean that the name of the city was Dober or Idomene. The archeological finds date from the Bronze Age to Late Ancient Age, and shed more light on the culture of Payonia in pre- Roman times. This archeological site contains remnants of a temple, dated 181 B.C. and is designed according to the Roman blueprint of a temple building. It is dedicated to Roman Emperor Comod.
The Tikveski Grozdober - Tikves Grape Picking
was a festival that officially began in 1964. Held to mark the beginning of the wine grape harvest as well as commemorating the liberation of Kavadarci. It takes place over several days and is one the largest cultural manifestations of its kind in the region.
The festival includes folk, pop and rock concerts, traditional dancing, seminars, presentations and exhibitions. During this time the city centre houses many temporary restaurants, stalls and shops, opened to allow visitors to experience the smells and tastes of local delicacies. This culminates in a carnival procession through the main streets of the town.
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OVDE MOZE DA IMA USTE RABOTI KAKO REKLAMI I SLICNO.